Section 1: GROUP NEEDS ANALYSIS
a) Summary of needs to be addressed by the cluster
The combined impact of the acute drought – the worst in more than three decades – and the economic collapse in the second half of 2021 has generated a hunger crisis of unprecedented scale in Afghanistan, with some 22.8 million people projected to face acute food insecurity (IPC3 and IPC4) by early 2022. The current hunger crisis is a combination of compounded shocks that have resulted in a year-on-year decline in the food security (from 27% IPC3+ in September 2017 to 55% of the population today) combined with an unprecedented national economic crisis in 2021 which left the population without the means to cope. Other shocks on the horizon, including another drought season, will push the country to the brink: without a significant shift in FSAC’s strategy in Afghanistan, and the resources to go with it, food aid will remain largely insufficient to offset the needs and livelihoods of the crisis. will be exhausted – resulting in humanitarian catastrophe and loss of life.
In this context, in 2022, the FSAC will work to prevent populations suffering from acute hunger (IPC3+) to become IPC4 and IPC5 and will aim to reduce the maximum number of people in IPC3 and IPC4 by the end of the year. This will be achieved through a combination of (a) a large-scale crisis safety net targeting acutely food insecure populations in rural and urban areas to be able to predictably meet their food needs the most basic during the heightened crisis, mitigating hunger-induced loss of life, conflict and migration, and the further loss of resilience gains in education and livelihoods; and (b) a substantial increase in support for the protection of essential livelihoods in rural and urban areas, with particular attention to agriculture and livestock-based livelihoods, in order to avoid a collapse total systemic in rural areas that would lead to widespread disaster and massive humanitarian impacts on populations. Across the country.
Food and livelihoods assistance will be coordinated and integrated, with priority in IPC Phase 4 areas, to protect livelihoods support, including through the coordinated provision of seeds and food aid . Crucially, FSAC and nutrition cluster interventions are also coordinated, leveraging the food assistance platform to deliver a malnutrition prevention program – thus maximizing the reach as well as the impact of nutrition assistance by ensuring that women and children benefit from both nutritional and food assistance. Support.
Emergency livelihoods assistance will be provided to the most vulnerable farmers, pastoralists and landless people to support local food production, protect productive assets and boost short-term income flows. This will include the timely provision of seeds of assorted crops (wheat, maize, pulses, fertilizers) and tools to households with access to land; support women in the artisanal production of nutritious foods (vegetables and poultry) and help herders keep their livestock alive and healthy through the distribution of animal feed, fodder seeds and deworming kits; and support for environmental rehabilitation and natural hazard protection to enable increased production (including irrigation canals, dams, soil and water conservation, flood protection , etc.).
About 2 million people will receive cash assistance either in the form of unconditional cash transfers to vulnerable households headed by women/persons with disabilities/elderly, or in the form of food/cash for work/assets to rehabilitate or build livelihoods. subsistence at the individual and community level. level. In urban areas,
CBSA partners will support vulnerable men, women and youth, including internally displaced persons, returnees and refugees, through skills building and marketing, including carpentry, embroidery, electrical, plumbing and IT.